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Glucose Control: Benefits | Dangers | Testing | Diet | Exercise | Special Times | Tips

   
Glucose Control - Special Times
 
Stress | Sickness | At Work | In Travel | Working with your health care team | Obstacles to good self-care

Sickness

    If you have diabetes, you need to take good care of yourself when you have a cold, flu, infection or other illness. Being sick can raise your blood sugar. Here are some guidelines for taking care of yourself:

  • Tell your doctor you are sick.
  • Test your blood sugar up to every hour upon your doctor's advice. Write down the results of the test. You can use lifeclinic.com to track your glucose levels.
  • If your blood sugar is 240 mg/dL or higher, test your urine for ketones. It's easy to test for ketones. Buy urine ketone strips at the drug store. Urinate on the pad part of the strip. Compare the color that the strip becomes to the color example on the package. If the pad turns a purple color, call your health care provider right away.
  • Weigh yourself every day. Losing weight without trying is a sign of high blood sugar.
  • Check your temperature in the morning and evening. A fever may be a sign of infection.
  • Keep taking your diabetes medication. Even if you can't keep food down, you still need your medication.
  • Drink plenty of fluids if your blood sugar is too high. Try to drink at least 1/2 cup to 3/4 cup every half-hour to hour, even if you have to do this in small sips. These liquids should not have calories. Water is best.
  • Try eating crackers, jello, popsicles or soup.
  • Drink clear liquids such as ginger ale if you can't eat at all. You can eat or drink something with sugar in it if you have trouble keeping food down.

Call the doctor immediately

    If your blood sugar is lower than 60 mg/dL or stays over 300 mg/dL, call your doctor right away. Also call if:
  • You feel too sick to eat normally and for more than six hours can't keep food or liquids down.
  • You find ketones in your urine.
  • Your temperature is more than 101 F.
  • You can't keep fluid down.
  • You feel sleepier than usual.
  • You have trouble breathing.
  • You can't think clearly.
  • You throw up more than once.
  • You have diarrhea.
  • You have an infection
       If you have to go to a hospital or to an emergency room, be sure to tell the doctors, nurses and the admitting clerk that you have diabetes. They should call your doctor.

The Flu

    The flu isn't just a bad cold. It's a serious illness that can lead to pneumonia and even death. The flu spreads when influenza viruses pass from one person to the nose or throat of others. Symptoms include high fever, chills, body aches, sore throat, runny nose, dry cough and headache.
    The flu is a special threat to people with diabetes. If you have diabetes you may get very sick and even have to go to the hospital. It's very important for you to get a flu shot every year. Everyone with any type of diabetes--even pregnant women--should get an annual flu shot. The best time to get one is between October and mid-November, before the flu season begins.

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As the world’s top supplier of commercial blood pressure monitors and health management systems, Lifeclinic is committed to helping to improve the health and wellbeing of individuals across the globe. Active monitoring of blood pressure, heart rate, weight, body fat, body mass index (BMI) and blood oxygen levels when combined with proper diet, nutrition and physical fitness can help ensure a longer, more healthy lifestyle.

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